2004 World survey on the role of women in development: Women and international migration 2006
In its resolutions 54/210 of 22 December 1999 and 58/206 of 23 December 2003 the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to update the World Survey on the Role of Women in Development for consideration by the General Assembly during its fifty-ninth session. The present World Survey addresses key issues related to women and international migration.
The migration of women has always been an important component of international migration. As of 2000, 49 per cent of all international migrants were women or girls, and the proportion of females among international migrants had reached 51 per cent in more developed regions.
A gender perspective is essential to understanding both the causes and consequences of international migration. Gender inequality can be a powerful factor in precipitating migration when women have economic, political and social expectations that opportunities at home do not meet. Migration can be an empowering experience for women. In the process of international migration, women may move away from situations where they live under traditional, patriarchal authority to situations where they are empowered to exercise greater autonomy over their own lives. Women who remain behind when their husbands or children migrate often have to take on new roles and assume responsibility for decisions affecting the social and economic well-being of